Canaa is a 20 km2, approximately circular intrusion emplaced into Precambrian quartzofeldspathic gneisses and migmatites, in which foliated and banded litchfieldites surround a core of alkali syenite. The litchfieldite comprises alkali feldspar, nepheline, cancrinite, sodalite, 'lepidomelane' and accessories, while corundum is abundant in the vicinity of the contacts with the country rocks. Pegmatitic varieties are common with nephelines up to 15x5 cm, sodalites 5 cm in diameter and zircons of 3 cm. Trachyte dykes occur.
LIMA, P.R.A. dos S. 1976. Geologia dos macicos alcalinos do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Semana de Estudos Geologicos, Itaguai: 205-59