Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Setup during HiTech AlkCarb: an online database of alkaline rock and carbonatite occurrences

Sandara Hills


Occurrence number: 
Longitude: 24.23, Latitude: 21.27

Sandara Hill is a volcanic plug standing some 200 m above the desert floor. The Nubian Sandstone at its foot dips steeply outwards for 50 m from the contact before becoming horizontal again. The principal rock type is a nosean-bearing phonolite. A further plug of similar composition is located 5 km northeast of Sandara Hill. Scattered outcrops of trachytic and phonolitic rocks cover several km2 around both hills. Another hill of phonolite lies some 15 km northwest of Sandara Hill and two further hills of trachyte and phonolite 8-10 km to the south-southeast. The trachyte of the first occurrence contains a little quartz while the second hill consists of two concentric rings of phonolite which contains some sodalite.


SANDFORD, K.S. 1935. Geological observations on the north-west frontiers of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and the adjoining part of the southern Libyan Desert. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 91: 323-81.

Fig. 3_133 Occurrences of alkaline rocks in the vicinity of Uweinat and the frontiers of Libya, Egypt and Sudan. The locality marked A is the unnamed occurrence described under Libya No. 8.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith