Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Setup during HiTech AlkCarb: an online database of alkaline rock and carbonatite occurrences



Occurrence number: 
Longitude: 36.28, Latitude: -2.08

The Lenderut Hills represent the remnants of a central volcano that predates the surrounding plateau trachytes (Baker, 1963b). The earliest rocks are identified as andesites by Baker consisting as they do of sparse phenocrysts of andesine, brown hornblende and pyroxene in a matrix of ‘intermediate’ or sodic plagioclase and tiny rods of pyroxene and abundant opaques. Rocks from the summit area are similar but contain a mineral tentatively identified as analcime. One described sample contains rare green pyroxene grains and small altered nephelines; they are classified as tephrites. The youngest rocks are described as porphyritic basanites and include labradorite, augite and olivine phenocrysts and abundant patches of analcime and ill-defined areas taken to represent an alkaline mesostasis.

K-Ar determinations on olivine basalts gave 2.53 and 2.62 Ma (Fairhead et al., 1972).

BAKER, B.H. 1963b. Geology of the area south of Magadi. Report, Geological Survey of Kenya, 61: 1-27.FAIRHEAD, J.D., MITCHELL, J.G. and WILLIAMS, L.A.J. 1972. New K/Ar determinations on rift volcanics of S. Kenya and their bearing on age of rift faulting. Nature Physical Science, 238: 66-9.

Fig. 3_122 General map showing the distribution of volcanic rocks in south-central Kenya. The areas covered include the Narok and Mara River areas (No. 59), the Suswa area (No. 60), the Nairobi area (No. 62), and the Magadi area (No. 67). The volcanoes of Suswa (No. 61), Ngong (No. 63), Ol Esayeiti (No. 64), Olorgesailie (No. 68), Lenderut (No. 69) and Shombole (No. 70) are also indicated. (based on Geological Map of Kenya, 1:1,000,000, 1987).
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith