Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Setup during HiTech AlkCarb: an online database of alkaline rock and carbonatite occurrences



Occurrence number: 
Longitude: 36.05, Latitude: 1.2

Ribkwo is a multi-centred phonolitic trachyte volcano with a maximum thickness of 750 m that forms a low-angle shield of approximately 50x15 km (Webb and Weaver, 1976; Key, 1987b). The volcano exhibits two morphologically contrasting areas: an eastern central generally rugged region which comprises a chain of six volcanic centres of lavas, pyroclastic rocks, lahars and minor intrusions, and a western and northwestern deeply dissected plateau of sub-horizontal lava flows within which three distinct units are recognised. Four of the six volcanic centres of the eastern area include trachytic lavas, including a distinctive fayalite trachyte, breccias, pumice and welded tuffs and phonolitic trachyte lavas. These rocks are overlain unconformably by products of the last two centres, which comprise trachytic lavas and tuffs, including welded varieties, and intrusive trachyte stocks, and these are associated with two periods of caldera collapse. The lavas of the plateau are principally feldspar-phyric trachytes and phonolitic trachytes but in thin section nepheline microphenocrysts are also seen and may be rimmed by aegirine and aenigmatite and altered to cancrinite. The groundmass consists of sanidine laths, aegirine and aegirine-augite, sodic amphibole, and variably katophorite, arfvedsonite or riebeckite, aenigmatite, biotite and magnetite. There are mugearites and olivine basalts which make up about 5% of the volcanic rocks. Rock analyses are given by Weaver et al. (1972).

K-Ar gave dates between 5.2 and 4.4 Ma (Webb and Weaver, 1976; Key, 1987b).

KEY, R.M. 1987b. Geology of the Maralal area. Report, Geological Survey of Kenya, 105: 1-93. WEAVER, S.D., SCEAL, J.S.C. and GIBSON, I.L. 1972. Trace-element data relevant to the origin of trachytic and pantelleritic lavas in the East African rift system. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 36: 181-94.WEBB, P.K. and WEAVER, S.D. 1976. Trachyte shield volcanoes: a new volcanic form from South Turkana, Kenya. Bulletin Volcanologique, 39: 294-312.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith