Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Setup during HiTech AlkCarb: an online database of alkaline rock and carbonatite occurrences

Golda Zuelva


Occurrence number: 
Longitude: 14, Latitude: 10.93

This is a circular, 7.5 km diameter complex consisting of both intrusive and extrusive rocks. The earliest suite is one of olivine gabbros which were followed by monzodiorites and amphibole-biotite monzosyenites and these in turn by a central plug of riebeckite-arfvedsonite-biotite granite, which was itself intruded by a finer grained granite of similar mineralogy. The volcanic rocks, which form an outer circle, include hawaiite, potassic mugearite and benmoreite and alkaline rhyolite. There are radiating dykes of trachyte and spheroidal rhyolite in which pyrochlore has been identified (Lasserre, 1966). Analyses of 10 rocks are given by Deruelle et al. (1991).

A Rb-Sr whole rock-biotite pair gave an age of 39.6 Ma (Lasserre, 1978). A whole rock Rb-Sr isochron on granites gave 67±4 Ma (Jacquemin et al., 1982) which was not modified by additional determinations on three peralkaline rhyolites.

DERUELLE, B., MOREAU, C., NKOUMBOU, C., KAMBOU, R., LISSOM, J., NJONFANG, E., GHOGOMU, R.T. and NONO, A. 1991. The Cameroon Line: a review. In A.B. Kampunzu and R.T. Lubala (eds), Magmatism in extensional structural settings. 274-327. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.JACQUEMIN, H., SHEPPARD, S.M.F. and VIDAL, P. 1982. Isotopic geochemistry (O, Sr, Pb) of the Golda Zuelva and Mboutou anorogenic complexes, north Cameroun: mantle origin with evidence for crustal contamination. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 61: 97-111.LASSERRE, M. 1966. Confirmation de l'existence d'une série de granites Tertaires au Cameroun (Afrique équatoriale). Bulletin du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières. Paris 3: 141-8.LASSERRE, M. 1978. Mise au point sur les granitoides dits "ultimes" du Cameroun: gisement, pétrographie et géochronologie. Bulletin du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières. Paris, IV: 143-59.

Fig. 3_26 Golda Zuelva (after Jacquemin et al., 1982, Fig. 1b).
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