Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Funded by HiTech AlkCarb - New geomodels to explore deeper for Hi-Tech critical raw materials in Alkaline rocks and Carbonatites

Cordillera Principal


Occurrence number: 
Longitude: -70.42, Latitude: -36

Among the voluminous volcanics of the Cordillera Principal alkaline rocks are scarce. However, tephrites and basanites, essexites with nepheline, analcime and biotite, trachytes and trachydolerites and rocks described as bostonites, but containing sodalite and nepheline, all occur. Detailed petrological descriptions are not available, but geological maps are given by Groeber (1947), whose account is principally stratigraphical.

Upper Jurassic to pre-glacial Quaternary (Groeber, 1947).
BACKLUND, H. G. 1923. Der magmatische anteil der Cordillera von Sud-Mendoza. Acta Academiae Aboensis, Mathematica et Physica, 2‚ 1-299. GROEBER, P. 1947. Oservaciones geologicas a lo largo del Meridiano 70. Revista de la Sociedad Geologica Argentina, 2‚ 347-433. QUARTINO, B. J. & LLAMBIAS, E. 1964. Synopsis on rocks with alkaline affinities in the Argentine Republic. International Geological Congress, Report of the 22nd Session, India, 16 1-12.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith