Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World

Setup during HiTech AlkCarb: an online database of alkaline rock and carbonatite occurrences



Occurrence number: 
Congo (Kinshasa)
Longitude: 28.67, Latitude: -2.37

Biega, like Kahusi just to the north, consists of an intrusive suite of granites and syenites which are partly overlain by volcanic rocks. The complex is intruded into Precambrian metamorphic rocks of the Kibaran and Burundian systems. It is about 9x4 km, elongated north-south and with a line of volcanic hills along the full length of the eastern margin. The intrusive rocks are principally biotite and hornblende granites and syenites with some ferroaugite-katophorite-fayalite syenites. The extrusive rocks are principally rhyolite with some trachyte, the latter being exceptionally potassic like those of Kahusi (No. 15); these rocks are not peralkaline. The mineralogy is tabulated and rock analyses given by Kampunzu et al. (1985), and Lubala et al. (1986) give analyses of rocks as well as feldspar, amphibole, clinopyroxene, biotite and Fe-Ti oxides.

K-Ar age determinations on four specimens of granite and syenite ranged from 501±13 Ma to 515±13 Ma (Vellutini et al., 1981).
BOUTAKOFF, N. 1956. Les massifs volcaniques du Kahusi et du Biega (Kivu, Congo Belge). Mémoires de l'Institut Géologique de l'Université de Louvain, 9 (5): 1-41. KAMPUNZU, A.B., LUBALA, R.T., MAKUTU, M.N., CARON, J.-P., ROCCI, G. and VELLUTINI, P.J. 1985. Les complexes alcalins de la région interlacustre à l'est du Zaïre et au Burundi: un example de massifs anorogeniques de relaxation. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 3: 151-67.LUBALA, R.T., KAMPUNZU, A.B. and CARON, J.-P. 1986. Mineralogie, petrologie et signification geodynamique du complexe alcalin et hyperalcalin du Biega (Kivu- Zaïre). Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, Liège, 109: 455-71.VELLUTINI, P., BONHOMME, M., CARON, J.-P.H., KAMPUNZU, A.B. and LUBALA, T. 1981. Sur la signification tectonique des complexes alcalins acides du Kahuzi et du Biega (Kivu, Zaïre). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, Ser 2, 292: 1027-9.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith